Securing Land and Property Rights for All

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Putting stakeholders at the heart of planned city extensions and redevelopment

Participatory and Inclusive Land Readjustment (PILaR) is a mechanism through which land units that have different owners and claimants are combined into a single area through a participatory and inclusive process for unified planning, re-parcelling and development. The development includes serviced urban land delivery made possible by the provision of infrastructure, public space and other urban amenities at a reasonable standard. PILaR relies on negotiated processes that allow local authorities, citizens and groups to articulate their interests, exercise their formally and socially legitimate rights, meet their obligations, and mediate their differences.

In the context of PILaR, participation engages not only landowners, but also other stakeholders like renters, informal occupiers, etc. who need to be sufficiently consulted and involved in the decision-making process. Their views and interests are taken into account while winning their trust, support, acceptance and ownership of the process. This process then leads to outcomes that are inclusive. This means that a PILaR intervention would create neighbourhoods that bring together different income and social groups as opposed to segregated neighbourhoods and gated communities. It also means all stakeholders in a project share both the costs and benefits of the project in a fair and equitable manner.

PILaR borrows a bit from conventional land readjustment (LR), which has, over the years, enabled the planned extension and densification of cities. It has proved to be exceptionally useful in countries like Germany, Japan, Spain, Republic of Korea, Turkey and Thailand. In some of these countries, a third of the built-up environment has been created or re-recreated using this tool. In recognition of its potential to rationalize land allocation and use in and around cities in developing countries, land readjustment is one of the 18 tools that the GLTN identified for further research and innovation. Following the findings of the research, conventional LR has been modified and become PILaR to accentuate elements of governance that specifically address issues to do with the political economy and institutional realities of developing countries.


  1. Remaking the urban mosaic : Participatory and inclusive land readjustment (manual)
  2. PILaR Brief

Contact Info:

Location: Gigiri, UN Complex
Office: NOF South Wing Block 3
Telephone: +254 207623858
Email: gltn[at]

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