The GLTN Gender Agenda
Gender is one of GLTN's cross-cutting themes in developing land tools. GLTN's gender agenda was adopted at a Roundtable at the World Urban Forum in 2006. This serves as a framework of methodologies and strategies for developing land tools that promote equal tenure security for women and men. The agenda underscores the need to ensure gender-responsiveness in all stages of tool development.
GLTN has so far evaluated land issues and tools from a gender perspective, developed capacity on gender and land issues, and studied the tenure rights of women and legal reforms that affect them. In the longer term, it also aims to ensure that gender is considered in all the land tools, and to pilot and scale up these tools. GLTN is aware that women are often more marginalized than men, but it takes a gender approach to ensure that the particular vulnerabilities of men are also appreciated and addressed if necessary.
Gender Evaluation Criteria
Land tools should not just benefit the poor: they must also improve the situation of women. They cannot do this if they ignore women - for example, if they assume that men and women are treated the same, or if they do not enable gender-disagregated information to provide comparisons. To make sure that land tools do not suffer from gender-blindness, GLTN has developed a set of gender evaluation criteria.
These criteria can be used to check whether land tools incorporate gender issues, and to show how they can be adapted. They are a flexible framework that can be adapted to a wide range of different situations. The criteria were developed through consultations among various GLTN partners: the Huairou Commission, the International Federation of Surveyors, the University of East London, and UN-Habitat.
There are six criteria and 22 questions with possible indicators to use. Several grassroots women's organizations, all members of the Huairou Commission, have tested the gender evaluation criteria: in Brazil (by Espa'e7o Feminista), Ghana (Grassroots Sisterhood Foundation) and Nepal (Lumanti). These tests focused on large-scale land tools: municipal master plans, land reform commissions, and land administration systems. The results were presented during the GLTN Roundtable at the World Urban Forum in Brazil in 2010.
The tests were useful for the women who conducted the analysis: they were better able to understand how land tools might be biased towards men, and how this might harm women. The case of Brazil highlights some important lessons:
- The existence of pro-poor legislation does not necessarily ensure successful implementation at the local level, or lead to equitable access to land for women.
- The testing of the criteria was a process of learning and empowerment for grassroots women and strengthens their negotiation power.
Developing Capacity on Gender and Land
GLTN has produced two training packages addressing gender equality:
- A training package Improving gender equality and grassroots participation through good land governance
- Designing and Evaluating Land Tools with a Gender Perspective A Training Package for Land Professionals
- Gender evaluation criteria presentation
A similar flip-chart-based training package is being prepared for grassroots groups who can also lead this evaluation.
Gender: Other Related Documents
- Gender Evaluation Criteria - A brief (Eng - 2015)
- Gender Evaluation Criteria: For Large-Scale Land Tools - Brief (Eng - 2012)
- Gendering Land Tools: Achieving Secure Tenure for Women and Men (Eng - 2008)
- India Gender impact of land interventions: Narrative Report Summary (Eng - 2012)
- Land Registration in Ethiopia: Early Impacts on Women Summary Report (Eng - 2008)
- Women in Post-Conflict Settlement Planning (Eng - 2013)
- Women's Access to Land in Sub-Saharan Africa (Eng - 2012)
- Gender Evaluation Criteria: The tool (Ar - 2014)