Securing Land and Property Rights for All

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  • NLC reflection syriaNRC interviewed 580 Syrian refugee households in Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq to assess their potential Housing, Land and Property (HLP) claims inside Syria if they were to return home.

    The findings indicate a complex situation. There are high levels of ownership assertions which are not matched by supporting documents for a variety of reasons, including loss during forced displacement and historical cultural practices regarding transfer of title within families. Future restitution and compensation processes will therefore need to take into consideration the complexity of the pluralist nature of HLP rights prior to the conflict and also ensure that there are remedies for HLP violations that have occurred during the conflict.

    Download Briefing NoteEnglish | Arabic


  • NRC HLPThis report by the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) outlines eight reasons why it is important to address HLP issues from the outset of a humanitarian response, including:

    • Saving lives, preventing further displacement and human rights violations
    • Adapting humanitarian response to complex urban environments
    • Ensuring equal access to humanitarian assistance
    • Promoting access to justice in crises contexts and contributing towards durable solutions
    • Addressing loss of land and inability to return to land and homes after disasters
    • Supporting women’s recovery through the protection of their HLP rights
    • HLP as a tool for conflict prevention and peace building
    • Supporting local systems and bridging transition / development gap 

    Following collaboration with the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to housing, the paper also explains how the international human rights framework can inform both disaster and conflict response, enhancing protection for those affected. 

    A Roundtable held in Geneva on the 2nd March 2016 provided the opportunity to discuss how to tackle HLP challenges from a practitioners’ perspective. Key highlights and recommendations from the event have been incorporated into the report, which proposes how the global HLP Area of Responsibility (AoR), co-chaired by NRC and IFRC, and its partners can take these into operational responses in the future. 

    For more information on this paper and the HLP AoR please contact Monica Sanchez Bermudez (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) or Victoria Stodart (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).

    Download it here



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    Myanmar is undergoing fast, deep and multiple transitions in the economic, political and legal fields, including a peace process to end decades of civil wars. However, these complex and uneven processes are playing out at a slower pace when it comes to improving the protection environment for persons affected by conflict. It is therefore a key moment to plant the seeds for the restitution of housing, land and property (HLP) rights, as this will benefit the peace process, protection and development.

    While some significant steps forward have already been taken and authorities have sought to improve the HLP situation after decades of “land grabbing” and forced displacement, much needs to be done to address the needs of the most vulnerable.

    NRC in Myanmar, in co-operation with Displacement Solutions has recently developed three publications.


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